E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
Evaluation of Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence and Parameters in Patients with Fibromyalgia [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. 2020; 3(2): 167-172 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2020.41636

Evaluation of Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence and Parameters in Patients with Fibromyalgia

Tahir Darçın1, Hamide Kart Köseoğlu2
1Department of Hematology and Stem Cell Transplantation, Health Sciences University Dr. Abdurrahman Yurtaslan Ankara Oncology Training and Research Hospital, Ankara, Turkey
2Department of Internal Medicine and Rheumatology, TOBB-ETU University Faculty of Medicine, Ankara, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: We aimed to evaluate the metabolic syndrome (MetS) parameters in patients with fibromyalgia syndrome.
METHODS: Age, weight, height, body mass index, waist and hip circumferences, and blood pressure were recorded. Laboratory parameters included fasting blood glucose and insulin, high-density lipoprotein, and triglyceride, HOMA-IR.
RESULTS: Thirty-five female patients aged 20-64 years with fibromyalgia and 29 age-matched healthy controls were included in this case-control study. Although MetS was more prevalent in fibromyalgia patients than the control group, the difference did not reach a statistically significant level [7 (20.0%) vs. 5 (17.2%), p=0.770]. The prevalence of high waist circumference was significantly higher in the fibromyalgia group than the control group [23 (65.7%) vs. 6 (20.7%), p<0.001]. High blood pressure was also more prevalent in fibromyalgia group [10 (28.6%) vs. 1 (3.4%), p=0.009]. Insulin resistance and dyslipidemia prevalence did not show a significant difference between groups (p=0.830 and p=0.250, respectively).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: Although statistically insignificant, metabolic prevalence increases in patients with fibromyalgia, while some MetS parameters, including waist circumference, and systolic and diastolic blood pressures, were significantly higher in fibromyalgia. Therefore, fibromyalgia patients may be under greater risk of MetS than the general population. For a definitive conclusion on the MetS and fibromyalgia, further large-scale studies are needed.

Keywords: Fibromyalgia, metabolic syndrome, insulin resistance

Tahir Darçın, Hamide Kart Köseoğlu. Evaluation of Metabolic Syndrome Prevalence and Parameters in Patients with Fibromyalgia. anatol j fm. 2020; 3(2): 167-172

Corresponding Author: Tahir Darçın, Türkiye
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