E-ISSN 2651-3455 (Online) | ISSN 2630-5593 (Print)
The Anatolian Journal of Family Medicine Effects of Childbirth Education on Prenatal Adaptation, Prenatal and Maternal Attachment [anatol j fm]
anatol j fm. 2020; 3(2): 128-135 | DOI: 10.5505/anatoljfm.2020.60352

Effects of Childbirth Education on Prenatal Adaptation, Prenatal and Maternal Attachment

Nevin Çıtak Bilgin1, Bedriye Ak1, Fatma Ayhan1, Fatma Öztürk Koçyiğit2, Songül Yorgun2, Mehmet Ata Topçuoğlu3
1Department of Nursing, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Faculty of Health Sciences, Bolu, Turkey
2Department of Nursing, Bolu İzzet Baysal State Hospital, Bolu, Turkey
3Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Bolu Abant İzzet Baysal University Faculty of Medicine, Bolu, Turkey

INTRODUCTION: Pregnant women’s problems in prenatal adaptation and maternal attachment negatively affect the health of the mother, family and the baby. Childbirth education may increase adaptation to pregnancy by increasing women’s self-confidence and help strengthen the bonds with their babies. This study aimed to investigate the effects of childbirth education on prenatal adaptation, prenatal and maternal attachment.
METHODS: This study was with pre/post-education, semi-experimental and prospective design. Research data were collected using the Participant Identification Form, Prenatal Self Evaluation Questionnaire, Prenatal Attachment Inventory and Maternal Attachment Inventory.
RESULTS: A total of 173 women, 90 (52.0%) in the education group and 83 (48.0%) in the control group, participated in the study. The prenatal and prenatal attachment adaptation levels of the control and education group were found to be similar before this study (p=0.770 and p=0.277, respectively). Pregnant women’s prenatal adaptation increased after education and between-group differences were significant (p<0.001). Prenatal attachment level also increased in the education group after education (p<0.001). However, prenatal and maternal attachment levels were similar between groups (p=0.171 and p=0.763, respectively).
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: It was identified that childbirth education increased prenatal adaptation but did not affect prenatal and maternal attachment. Childbirth education routinely provided as a part of antenatal care by health professionals ensures awareness in parenting by increasing prenatal adaptation.

Keywords: Emotional bonds, maternal health, prenatal care

Nevin Çıtak Bilgin, Bedriye Ak, Fatma Ayhan, Fatma Öztürk Koçyiğit, Songül Yorgun, Mehmet Ata Topçuoğlu. Effects of Childbirth Education on Prenatal Adaptation, Prenatal and Maternal Attachment. anatol j fm. 2020; 3(2): 128-135

Corresponding Author: Nevin Çıtak Bilgin, Türkiye
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